Hair Coloring 101

Here’s a list of words you need to know about hair coloring before you make the trip to the salon or try one yourself at home.

Hair. It is made up of keratin and melanin, eumelanin and pheomelanin, which determine the colors. A mixture of these is dictated by your genes resulting in your hair color. Eumelanin is responsible for darkness while pheomelanin creates light colors.

Color. The color you see on the hair is the reflection of the light on the pigments. That is why there is a tendency for hair to appear to have a different color under a different light. Black hair reflects least.

Tone. It refers to the the color’s warmth, coolness and natural shade.

Levels. Colors are labeled by numbers according to the lightness and darkness. Black hair for example is 1. When changing your hair color, experts advise to pick two levels higher or lower than your hair color.

Hair Color. When choosing the color of the dye, you have to consider if you need to lighten or darken your hair. If you’re tired of your black hair, you will have to lighten it. So pick colors above 1.

Colorant. A hair dye usually contains a set consisting of a colorant and a developer. The colorant is the dye that will react with the developer.

Developer. A developer brings out the color of the hair by acting as an oxidizing agent. This process takes a maximum of 30 minutes for the color to bind to the strands.

Forms. There are three different forms of hair color to choose from. These are mousse, gel and creme. Mousse is the easiest to apply and works like a shampoo, gel lasts longer while creme is ideal for covering graying hair.

Single-Process Color. It means applying one color toner to the hair once. Double-process color on the other hand is the bleaching and then the hair toning, a process done when lightening hair for more than two levels.

Permanent Hair Color. This process changes the pigments in your hair strands by opening the cuticle and then depositing the color. It cannot be washed but will fade over time. If you have graying hair however, your roots will have a noticeably different color.

Semi-Permanent Color. This dyeing process fades within a short time and cannot lighten hair color. The color is deposited only on the surface of each of your hair strands. Others call this tint or rinse.

Henna. This dye covers only the cuticle of the hair, but the resulting color will depend on your hair’s base color. It’s a bit messy to apply and should not be used when you’re planning a permanent dye after henna.

Deposit Only Color. This is also called demi-permanent color. It lasts longer than semi-permanent color and cannot lighten hair color. It has the qualities of both permanent and semi-permanent.

Highlights. Individual sections of the hair are lightened. This is done through the following: foil highlights, piercing or chunking, balayage or painting, and low lighting.

The Horror of Split Ends

For most women, split ends are as scary as getting bald. Yet, it’s common for those who always style and treat their hair. What should you do if it happens?

Signs and Causes

In medical terms, split ends are called trichoptilosis or schizotrichia. Split ends make the hair strands or shaft brittle, causing it to split.

Excessive contact to heat, chemicals and stress are the causes of split ends. It could also be a symptom of medical conditions like occipital horn syndrome and Menkes disease. A condition known as trichorrhexis nodosa also cause split ends because the hair shafts are weak. It’s a genetic condition where some hair shafts are thick at some points and thin in others.

The primary causes for split ends all have to do with how you treat your hair. Blow drying, perming, curling, straightening, rebonding, hair coloring and highlights all damage hair. Using heating materials like blow dryers, iron curlers and straighteners too often to style your hair suck out the moisture from the follicles.

Application of chemicals during hair treatments and hair coloring alter the composition in your hair. Disrupting that will naturally cause damage, especially if you apply chemicals frequently within a year.

Stress like too much combing and tight hairstyles don’t do as much damage. These are only harmful if you already have split ends. Shampooing and conditioning your hair regularly do not necessarily damage hair either, especially if you have oily skin and are prone to dandruff.

Treatment and Prevention

Trim and Treat: You cannot treat split ends. There are products in the market claiming they could repair split ends but there is no proof that they work. They will only make your hair look undamaged but the effect is only on the surface and does not solve the problem at all. The best way to get rid of split ends is to trim the affected parts. Experts recommend getting a trim every six to eight weeks to prevent them from coming back. The so-called split ends treatment products will work only as a protection from further damage. Get a trim first then start using healing products.

Shampoo and Conditioner: When you shampoo, massage your scalp, not rub strands together. The amount of shampoo and conditioner should not exceed the small area of a cupped palm. Squeeze an amount not more than the size of a coin. Rinse with cold or lukewarm water, not hot. Dry using a towel, but don’t rub the strands together. Let your hair air dry before combing.

No Chemicals and Stress: Avoid contact with heat. You will have to stop using your blow dryer for a while until the split ends are gone. You should also space your hair treatments every several months, but it’s better not to have any until your hair is healthy again. Ideally, you can only have three hair treatments per year. Avoid applying too many chemicals on your hair while its heals because that will only worsen the damage. Let your hair rest to heal.

When to Call Car Servicing Professionals

When you buy a new car in Singapore, the car manufacturer or dealer will recommend a car maintenance schedule. Most drivers, however, are happy to ignore the car servicing intervals because they think that they will be spending money for something so trivial. The result is that the car breaks down at unexpected moments.

Here are ways to determine if your car badly needs TLC at the nearest car servicing in Singapore.

Listen to Car Noises

Popping noises from the exhaust means that the fuel system has a problem. Modern cars need to be taken to the nearest car workshop for reprogramming. The cause could be wrong fuel mixture. If the car squeals whenever you brake, it means that your brakes need to be checked as soon as possible. Clunking noises indicate that the suspension has worn down or the steering system has a problem. How to avoid hearing such noises? The trick is to follow the scheduled car maintenance that was recommended by the manufacturer. Don’t wait before you hear these noises. Chances are, the damage could be extensive and you will pay more for car repair than a simple check-up.

Fuel Inefficiency

A car that runs on less fuel means that everything is working right. If you notice that you’re using up more fuel than usual, then it’s time to take the vehicle to a car servicing shop in Singapore. A lot of factors can affect fuel economy. The simplest could be tire pressure. Make it a habit to inspect all the tires including the spare before you start the car.

Regular oil change during car maintenance is another key. Make sure to also replace the spark plugs and change the air filter. Always check the odometer at the best and recommended car workshop in Singapore whenever you fill up the tank then calculate the fuel efficiency by dividing the miles traveled by the car between filling up by the total gallons of fuel you bought.

Engine Performance

Modern cars have a check engine light on the dashboard that will tell the owner that there is something wrong with the engine. But this can be complicated. Engine trouble could mean a lot of things. When you take the car to a car servicing shop in Singapore, they will be able to tell you the exact problem.

It could be from the electrical system, heating and cooling system, brakes or the struts or shocks. Do not try to diagnose the problem yourself to save money, because you’ll be doing more harm than good. If the check engine light is flashing,the issue could be more serious so you need to stop the car at the nearest car servicing shop as soon as possible.

Brake System Failure

The break system isn’t just that pedal near your feet. It’s a complicated system that when fails you, could place the passengers in danger. Don’t ignore the following warning signs that tell you you need to have the brake system checked at a car servicing in Singapore: odd sounds whenever you try to brake the car, there is an odd smell like something is burning, the pedal isn’t working as usual, the car swerves whenever you try to brake, or if the brake pads looks worn out. The brake system should always be included in the car servicing package to make sure you and your passengers can travel safely.

Leaking Car Fluids

Your car utilizes different fluids and oils for a lot of things. Not everyone has the time or expertise to check all these, so leave it to professionals to do the car maintenance for you. If you notice leaks, don’t wait until the problems worsens. The pink fluid could be the transmission fluid or the power steering fluid. Blue liquid is the windshield wiper fluid.

Brown could be the motor oil, gear lubricant or brake fluid. Yellow might be the radiator coolant, while green could indicate that it might be the antifreeze. An orange fluid could mean that the antifreeze or transmission fluid is old or leaking. But the color could also tell you of other problems. Red fluids indicate a leak in the power steering system or the transmission system.

Failing Coolant System

The purpose of the coolant system is to keep the engine cool while it’s running. The engine will heat up when it’s used, so it’s important to change the antifreeze and flush the coolant system as specified by the manufacturer. Flushing the cooling system will remove the dirt, sediment and rust. Not doing so can damage the parts or clog the engine and radiator. Disposing of the antifreeze is risky, so it’s better to hire car servicing professionals to do it for you. The coolant warning sign on the dashboard could also indicate the following problems: faulty thermostat, water pump failure, corrosion or hole near the radiator, restriction of the flow of the coolant, or radiator failure.

Faulty Air-Conditioning System

If the air-conditioning system in the car doesn’t work, it could result in the following problems: strange noises when air-conditioning is turned on, water buildup inside the car, a worn out compressor, electrical system problems, an unpleasant smell inside the car or the refrigerant could leak. Most car servicing packages in Singapore include a check-up of the air-conditioning system. Make sure that it’s working because you don’t want to be traveling in a humid Singapore weather without it. Preventive maintenance will cost less than a car repair at a car workshop.

Dirty Air and Engine Filters and Wipers

Replace the cabin air filter when it’s dirty. You can buy a replacement at the nearest car servicing shop or a professional can have a new one installed for you. A clean filter will make daily trips more comfortable for everyone in the car. The engine filter needs to be replaced as well according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Don’t ignore the windshied wipers too because they get worn down after a while. They are cheap and easy to replace.

The Best Aesthetic Clinics in Singapore

Reward yourself with a trip to any one of these beauty and skin care specialists in the country.

Ardmore Aesthetic Clinic
They have non-invasic therapeutic treatments that can be customized. They also have programs like clear tight, power lift and whitening programs.

ASTIQUE The Aesthetic Clinic
They provide Astique beauty products and beauty services including face slimming, skin booster, stretch marks removal, and laser birthmark and mole removal.

Dr. Dylan Chau is a specialist in face augmentation and follicular unit extraction for hair transplant. They also have products for face and neck care.

Clementi Family & Aesthetic Clinic
They have family health services, pediatric and geriatric care. They also have treatments for melasma, freckles, and sun and age spots.

DERMACARE Aesthetic & Laser Clinic
They specialize in laser treatment, fillers, pigmentation Botox, Ulthera treatment and others.

Dr. Tyng Tan Aesthetics and Hair Clinic
Not only does the clinic offer face and body services, but Dr, Tyng tan also specializes in hair restoration surgery.

IYAC Aesthetic & Anti-Aging Clinic
Their aesthetic services range from botox to ultherapy. They also have therapeutic facials and image peels.

Joyce Lim Skin and Laser Clinic
The clinic offers diagnoses and treatment of skin, hair and nail problems, correction of aesthetic skin concerns and improvement of skin health.

Leslie Kuek
Dr. Leslie Kuek is one of the pioneers of plastic surgery in the country, particularly in procedures like breast and facial paralysis reconstruction.

Specialist Skin Clinic and Associates
Their leading dermatologists have a combined sixty years of experience. They can do everything from skin surgery to treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

The Face Aesthetic Clinic
Their treatments include Botox, facelift, tattoo removal, and treatment of acne, keloids and pigmentary conditions. They also have spa treatments diamond cleansing.

The Clifford Clinic
The Clifford Clinic has been around for fifteen years and still going strong. They also have wedding packages so you’d look your best on your most special day.

The Cosmetic Surgery Clinic
Dr. Martin Huang specializes in plastic surgery and non-surgical treatments like rejuvenation, Botox, fillers, fat reduction and body contouring.

The Knightsbridge Clinic
Their services include Korean scalp stimulation serum treatment, Venus’s Kisses facelift, Liposonix slimming, crystal tomato as well as erectile dysfunction treatments for men.

The Sloane Clinic
They provide an assortment of beauty procedures such as double eyelids, prominent ears, bone contouring, liposuction, tummy tuck, and breast augmentation or reduction.

Thomson Specialist Skin Centre
They provide services for skin cancer and infections, rheumatologic diseases, hives and eczema treatment, as well as screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.

Tiffany Yang Aesthetics & Surgery
They are known for their signature exclusive 1-point V Face, a non-surgical face skimming procedure. You can also choose from any of their six package treatments.

Vedure Mediboutique
Not only do they have a clinic, face and body treatments but they also have a spa and nail art services. They even have men’s facial treatment, grooming and manicure services.

Woffles Wu Aesthetic Surgery & Laser Centre
The clinic is known for its Woffles List, a combination of different non-surgical treatments for facial rejuvenation.

Facial Treatments You Should Check Out

You have probably heard the phrase “beauty is pain”, and for a lot of women – and an increasing number of men – that is certainly true. But facial treatments are worth it for these people, as it’s not as tedious as going under the knife so on your next trip to the spa or dermatologist, check out any of these procedures.

1. Acupuncture
Pressure points on the face can be massaged to improve facial muscle tone, blood circulation and metabolism. It’s good for reducing blemishes and will help you relax. The needles are left for at least twenty minutes. Then your neck, face and scalp are massaged.

2. Anti-Aging
This may include several procedures with extractions, peels, masks and serums high in antioxidants to exfoliate and hydrate your skin. It aims to get rid of aging spots, wrinkles, fine lines and discoloration.

3. Brightening
This is a modified anti-aging facial that also focuses on eliminating discolorations and dull patches on aging skin. It will restore a pinkish, healthy glow to give you back your youthful skin.

4. Contouring
This is a non-surgical facelift procedure using collagen-stimulating formula or dermal fillers. It tightens loose and wrinkled skin, lifts brows and erases frown lines. Treatment is in the form of topical treatments, radio frequency, near infrared or ultrasound.

5. Electric Current
There are two types of this procedure: high frequency and galvanic current. The first is recommended for acne-prone skin, and uses an alternating current to begin chemical changes in the skin; meanwhile, the galvanic procedure uses a direct current.

6. Enzyme
This procedure uses reverse osmosis to remove toxins from the skin. The enzyme mask is left for up to forty minutes to let your facial muscles be stimulated. The enzyme reactivators you can choose from are salicylic acid range, lacti acid range and pyruvic acid range.

7. Fruit Acid
The most common fruit acids used are lactic, glycolic, citric, malic and tartaric acids. They are a cheap alternative to other treatments and can be an option for people who are worried about the effects of chemical treatments.

8. Gemstones
Some people believe that gemstones contain energy levels that can be used to heal and improve health. A gem massage involves massaging skin products using an energized gem or a gemstone wand.

9. Gold Facial
Queen Cleopatra’s original beauty regimen: a sheet of 24-karat gold is massaged onto the skin. But for practical reasons, today’s procedure only uses a coating of colloidal gold and gold nanoparticles. Some clinics offer copper, platinum and diamond facial.

10. Lymphatic Massage
This procedure is an alternative to anti-aging techniques like Botox and fillers. The massage helps in blood circulation, particularly the lymphatic vessels which clean up the waste products in the system.

11. Microdermabrasion
The name might sound something close to a surgical procedure but it’s a non-surgical technique that exfoliates the outer layer of your skin. The exfoliation is done by abrading the skin.

12. Vampire
This might be a turn off for some because the procedure involves drawing blood from the patient, isolating the platelet-rich plasma and then injecting it back to the patient. It’s not a new procedure because it has been used to heal burns and wounds.

What is Hair Straightening?

A lot of women are willing to spend thousands at the hair salon just to get straight, full-bodied, and shiny locks. This obsession with straight hair goes back to the time of the Egyptians when they used flat iron plates to achieve similar results (sometimes resulting to burnt hairs). Well, we’ve come a long way since then. So let’s look at the hair-raising methods people have invented over time to get that picture-perfect, frizz-free hair that we enjoy today.

History of Hair Straightening

There are various methods you can use today to achieve straight hair when you visit a hair salon in Singapore. The hair stylist will ask whether you want the result to be temporary or permanent and then will proceed to list various mechanical and chemical treatments available for any type of hair.

The first methods involved the use of heated chemicals like the flat iron plates used by the Egyptians. Another method was popularized in the 19th century when Lady Jennifer Bell Schofield invented the straightening rod. It was a device made up of tongs attached to hinged metal plates. In the 20th century, chemical methods became popular among women who wanted more effective ways to straighten hair. Like heated straightening devices, however, the chemical methods also involved risks such as hair damage and burns.

Today, there are ways to straighten hair at the hair salon that doesn’t risk burning your scalp, face or hands. Although there is still a minimal risk of getting damaged hair, customers at the hair salon in Singapore can enjoy a variety of hair treatments to keep hair healthy.

Temporary Methods to Straighten Hair

The effects of temporary methods to straighten hair usually don’t last for more than 24 hours and often use mechanical means and the application of heat to achieve the desired look.

Here are examples of the said methods:

1. Hair Iron

This method is still found in most hair salon in Singapore today and is also a common hair styling tool at home. A flat iron made up of two heating plates is used to directly apply heat on the hair.

2. Hot Comb

Sometimes called straightening comb, it is similar to a hot iron, but only one heated tool is used and it is shaped like a comb. It’s reportedly safer to use than the flat iron and it’s being used at not only a good hair salon in Far East Plaza in Singapore but also all over the world, and is also another common hair straightening option at the hair salon.

3. Hair Rollers

Hair rollers are used on slightly damp hair to stretch and straighten it until it dries. A blow dryer is then used instead of a hot iron to straighten the kinks.

4. Blow Dryer

A blow dryer and comb are used to apply heat directly on a slightly damp hair to straighten and style it until it dries. The blow dryer is also used in other hair styling and treatment processes to dry and style hair in most hair salons in Singapore.

5. Hair-Straightening Brush

This is similar to a hot comb, but instead of teeth, it has bristles set on a cylinder that rotates when plugged to an electric source.

Methods to Straighten Hair Permanently

Permanent hair straightening methods were thought to have been popularized by African-American women at the time when most of the households in the United States didn’t have indoor plumbing and bath. Today, most methods involve the use of chemicals to permanently straighten frizzy and curly hair. The steps to straighten hair permanently are the same, and the difference is only in the chemicals applied to the hair. Note that not all methods can be applied to all types of hair, which is why it’s important to talk to your stylist first for an assessment.

The following services can be found in most hair salon in Singapore.

1. Rebonding

This is a tedious process that involves, first, the breaking down of the natural bonds in the hair shafts to recreate their form; and second, the use of other chemicals and the hot iron to straighten the hair. The best hair salon in Singapore will sometimes discourage the customer when choosing this option because it often results in dull, damaged and weak hair. There is always the risk of the hair losing its elasticity because of the harsh methods used, which is why a post-treatment is often recommended by the hair salon.

2. Japanese Thermal Conditioning

This method is recommended if you want your hair to be straight even after it grows out. The process of hair straightening is still the same as rebonding, but there is also a shorter method call relaxing that can take up to only 20 minutes.

3. Brazilian Keratin Treatment

This type of hair treatment not only straightens hair, but leaves it smooth and shiny as well because it repairs damages caused by over-styling. The best hair salon in Singapore will usually recommend this method because the procedure creates a layer of protection over the hair to lessen the effects of heat. The method breaks the bond in the hair, just like in the rebonding process, but the gaps are filled with keratin, a natural protein also found in hair. The addition of keratin will smooth out the curls and frizz without damaging your hair.

4. Smoothing

Hair smoothing does not change the hair structure like rebonding, but will leave your hair smooth and silky instead. This method is often recommended by the salon for over-styled damaged hair that is prone to breakage and split ends.

When choosing the best chemical treatment to straighten hair, make sure that you talk to your stylist first about the possible harmful effects of the chemicals. For example, formaldehyde found in a lot of keratin products can cause rashes and headaches. Ask your stylist at the hair salon in Singapore to choose products that don’t use formaldehyde. The best hair salon in Singapore will also ask about hair styling and treatments you have had in the past as well as assess the damage level of your hair and hair type. Lastly, you should follow the aftercare instructions given to you after the procedure to avoid hair damage.

Best Ways to Move On From an “Almost” Relationship

Dealing with normal breakups is hard enough, but it’s even harder to get over someone who was actually never yours. You thought you liked each other – perhaps even loved each other – but your “relationship” ends before it even began. There was no label for what you were to each other, and that makes it much harder to move from that person. Sure, moving on won’t be easy but by following these tips, you’ll definitely be able to get over that almost relationship.

1. Be Angry

It’s now time to express the emotion you pretended not to have due to the absence of labels. You devoted weeks, months or even years to this person, so you deserve to be pissed – and it’s important that you feel that way. Typically, someone who’s been in an almost relationship would keep this feeling under wraps because of the fear of looking crazy and suddenly developing feelings. But ignore all that and just feel what you have to feel.

2. Write About It

Journaling is one of the best ways to relieve stress. It forces you to get your feelings and thoughts in order, and, consequently, endorses levelheadedness. Plus, it’ll make you realize that you’ve become jaded and encourage you to focus on yourself again. So write down your post-breakup goals and ensure that you get it done.

3. Call On Your Friends

While journaling can make you feel better, self-cure shouldn’t be your only outlet. According to psychologists, untold stories have a tendency of looping in our minds, which is why confiding in someone is crucial. Chances are, you’ll feel much better when you hear their comforting words – and they’ll be able to signal you when he walks into the party that you’re at.

4. Stop Stalking Him (Or His New Girl)

Write it down and plaster it on your bedhead if you have to: Do not stalk! Scrolling through his Facebook or Instagram account and seeing them all lovey-dovey will only make you worse about yourself and your supposed relationship. Just remember that being left behind can be advantageous as it allows you to see things about him that you didn’t notice before.

5. Resist Contacting Him

Under no circumstances should you contact someone you’re trying to move on from. It won’t do you any good and it’ll just set you back. Sure, you’re going to miss him but be strong and resist the urge to reach out. If he contacts you first, it could mean that he’s thinking about but it might not be for the right reasons. It’s crucial that you ignore the messages because you definitely deserve more than a half-hearted attempt to start over again.

While it’s difficult to let someone go, it’s also a crucial step for you start refocusing on things that really matter like yourself, your family and your friends. Don’t let that breakup keep you from having a good time – and you certainly shouldn’t let it prevent you from finding someone who’d love to be officially with you.

The Single Traveler’s Guide

Have you ever dreamed of splurging on a romantic vacation to Paris, witness broad way plays in New York or be in love in Italy, but don’t have anyone to join you? Braving solo traveling might be the answer. For blogger, Jaclynn Seah of the, traveling solo is the best and fastest way to understand yourself—what you’re made of and what you can do. It may seem a little scary at first, but with the right amount of knowledge and preparation, there’s no way it can be a disaster, here’s how:

Do the planning and research ahead of time

Any kind of travel must be well-thought and even more so, if you are traveling solo. You can start by looking up the tourist destinations and all other basic information then you can map out a daily itinerary. Downloading mobile applications widely used in the destination you are going to such as online navigation app, translator app etc. would greatly help too. Apart from the cool places to visit, never forget to also research about the tourist scams or traps to eliminate the possibility of falling prey to them. Remember, there is only one person you need to take into consideration—and that is you.

Keep and duplicate copies of important information

While your passport and other valuables must be highly guarded by you, contact information of the person in case of emergency, print-out airline tickets, hostel you are staying at and even the embassy of your citizenship/residency should also be secured. If possible, bring a photocopy with you in your carry-on bag and leave a duplicate copy in your check-in luggage.

Stay data connected

Life gets so much easier when you are traveling with internet connection. Use your data not only to navigate useful apps but also to check in with your family and friends back home from time to time. Keep them updated on your whereabouts which can be a simple post on Facebook or Instagram so they’d be less worried, too. Since staying connected can eat up your phone battery life, never forget to bring a fully charged power bank wherever you go.

Estimate your daily expenses and safe keep your monies

Depending on your itinerary, it will be helpful to manage your expenses so you still have more in the coming days of your tour. Moreover, leave some of your money locked inside your luggage at the hotel, do not bring them all at once to avoid temptation of spending them carelessly and just in case unfortunate situation arise that you get victimized by pickpocketing, at least you still have some left.

Explore with confidence

If you are lost, do not by any means, make it obvious. If you do, you are making yourself an easy target for scammers and criminals who are prying all over the place. Try your best to look confident as you walk along the streets, find a hotel or restaurant nearby where you can ask questions to a local staff and keep presence of mind. It seems cliché but don’t underestimate your instincts in times like this.

Experience your travel

It is your trip and yours alone, so do not stop yourself from experiencing whatever it is that you would like to try out. Eat the local dishes you want, travel at your own discretion and pace, take pictures on the places you’d like to go and go on an adventure! In solo traveling, you follow no one’s travel plans. Use this opportunity to discover not only place and people but above all—yourself.